For example, the goal of affirmative action in the United States is to counter biases concerning gender, race, and ethnicityby opening up institutional participation to people with a wider range of backgrounds, and hence a wider range of points of view. In Indiathe system of scheduled castes and tribes intends to address systemic bias caused by the controversial caste system, a system centered on organized discrimination based upon one's ancestry, not unlike the system that affirmative action aims to counter. Both the scheduling system and affirmative action mandate the hiring of citizens from within designated groups.
BIAS, a year-old Black male, died as a result of cocaine intoxication, which interrupted the normal electrical control of his heartbeat, resulting in the sudden onset of seizures and cardiac arrest. The blood cocaine level was 6. Toxicological studies for alcohol and other drugs were negative.
Less than two days later, he would be dead. I do not know if he was the catalyst for another decades-long New England curse.
We can argue these issues all we like, but I believe that, because the answers to such questions can never be determined, the questions have become irrelevant, obscured by the mythology that Autopsy No. I do know death -- especially sudden and premature death -- has a way of obscuring many truths see: Dean, James; Cobain, Kurt; et al.
I do know I was 13 when Len Bias died, and it scared the hell out of me. It was supposed to scare the hell out of me; this was a moralistic passion play, an after-school special come to life. I do know the public narrative was deceptively simple: Len Bias had just experienced the most euphoric moment of his life, and he had an unquestionably bright future, and he had chosen to experiment with illicit substances for the first time -- perhaps, some errant rumors went, it was crack cocaine -- and in a freak occurrence of bad karma, his heart had stopped.
And I do believe that because of this public narrative and the consequences of this narrative, the death of Len Bias can be classified as the most socially influential moment in the history of modern sports.
Perhaps it was just a "bad accident. THE MORNING AFTER The Len Bias Morality Play began with a single bizarre phone call, placed from a dormitory on a college campus to a dispatcher whose Baltimorese hammered flat the word "phone" and who, from his tone of voice, apparently assumed this whole thing was a put-on, a prank by a bunch of rowdy university kids with nothing better to do.
It was approximately 6: The voice of the caller was slurred and hesitant, and the voice kept repeating the victim's name until the dispatcher declared, "It doesn't matter what his name is. So Tribble kept repeating the name, and uttering panicky phrases like, "This is Len Bias. You have to get him back to life.
There's no way he can die. Then he got up to use the bathroom, and he stumbled, and he sat back down on the bed, and he lapsed into a seizure.
There were three other men in the room. One, Terry Long, placed the handle of a pair of scissors in Bias' mouth to prevent him from biting his tongue; another, David Gregg, held Bias' legs. Brian Tribble phoned his mother, who told him to call Filmmaker Kirk Fraser will release a documentary on Bias' death later this year.
The call prompted a dozen more phone calls, the story quickly rippling outward. The paramedics arrived and transported Bias to Leland Memorial Hospital, as Tribble and two of Bias' Maryland teammates, who had been partying with him, began to clean up after themselves.
Another teammate, Keith Gatlin, phoned Lonise Bias to tell her Len had had a seizure and was clinging to life; in their haste, she and her husband, James, rushed off to the wrong hospital. Before Bias even arrived at Leland, a source phoned a television reporter named Dave Statter, who did not cover sports but knew Len Bias because everyone in D.
And because hours earlier he had moved close to becoming a millionaire, agreeing to a lucrative endorsement deal with Reebok that he planned to sign the next week, and proclaiming that by being drafted by the Celtics, his dream had been realized.
Statter phoned a woman at the dispatch center. She confirmed his tip. He phoned his supervisors at Channel 9 in Washington. His supervisors phoned the station's sports anchor, James Brown, and Statter went live on the air as the first reporter at Leland Memorial Hospital. He knew Len Bias was in critical condition.This text is designed for an introduction to communication course, but I am reviewing it as a possible text for an introduction to Interpersonal Communication course.
For this purpose the text provides a useful foundation in communication theory. Media bias is the perception that the media is reporting the news in a partial or prejudiced manner. It occurs when a media outlet seems to push a specific viewpoint or ignore an important aspect.
PERSISTENT MEDIA BIAS David P. Baron Stanford University February Abstract I. Introduction The news media plays an essential role in society by providing information to the public for both individual and collective decisions. The news media, however, is widely viewed as biased.
A. Harold Adams Innis: The Bias of Communications & Monopolies of Power.
Harold Adams Innis, a political economist, is widely credited with initiating an important discourse on media from a distinctly Canadian perspective.
As the names suggest, media globalization is the worldwide integration of media through the cross-cultural exchange of ideas, while technological globalization refers to the cross-cultural development and exchange of technology.
3 The Hon Thomas F Bathurst, ZSocial media: The end of civilization? The Warrane Lecture, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 21 November , p 7.
4 While many would see the capacity for interactivity and two-way communications as central to the character of social media, these media can also be exclusionary or ^one-way _.