Reply Critically examine the causes, consequences and remedies of World's recent Refugee crisis. According to Amnesty International, there are around 50 million global refugees right now. Instability in the West Asia There is great instability in the west Asia. All of them combined to displace a large number of people from these countries.
More on the agenda The ongoing crisis in the Mediterraneanwhich has seen more than 30 times as many people die as in the same period last year, has evoked unprecedented media attention.
What should be about a humanitarian tragedy has become hijacked by opportunist politicians, who in many cases have fundamentally and wilfully misrepresented the underlying causes of the problem. If solutions are based on that misrepresentation, they will fail and have harmful consequences.
UK foreign secretary, Phillip Hammond and others followed suit. Yet there are at least two problems with this narrative.
Second, and more importantly, it fails to recognise that smuggling does not cause migration, it responds to an underlying demand. Criminalising the smugglers serves as a convenient scapegoat.
But it cannot solve the problem. It will simply displace the problem, increase prices, introduce ever less scrupulous market entrants, and make journey ever more perilous.
Crisis of displacement The real causes of the tragedy are two-fold. First, we need to situate the tragedy in a broader context. There is a global displacement crisis.
Around the world, more people are displaced than at any time since the World War II. Globally, there are more than 50m displaced and 16m refugees. To take the case of Syria, there are 9m displaced Syrians; 3m of whom are refugees.
Most are in Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon. But countries like Jordan and Lebanon — whose capacities are stretched to breaking point — are now closing their borders and in need of international burden-sharing. These people have to go somewhere and increasingly they are travelling on to Europe in search of protection.
Mare Nostrum saved more thanlives last year. Since the ending of Mare Nostrum many fewer have been rescued and many more have died. To address the crisis, it is these two causes that need to be looked at first.
We know from existing data that the people crossing the Mediterranean are increasingly from refugee-producing countries such as Syria, Eritrea, and Somalia. While some — coming from West Africa — may well be more likely to be leaving poverty or seeking opportunity, a huge proportion are therefore fleeing conflict and persecution and are in need of international protection.
We have international legal obligations to protect such people. Yet the EU has largely failed to recognise this. On Monday, the EU held an emergency meeting in Luxembourg at which it produced a ten-point plan.
This was vague in detail but the emphasis was on dismantling the smugglers and on containing migration from within North Africa. References to humanitarian roles such as expanding Triton and refugee resettlement remained under-specified.
The logic, in other words, was primarily about containment and counter-smuggling operations. This emphasis has been repeated in the leaked draft statement of the EU Summit.
The statement highlights deportation and immigration control; it is a manifesto for containment. It again shows a misunderstanding of the underlying causes of the problem, and it likely to be inconsistent with international refugee and human rights law.
There are no simple solutions to this issue. But the key to finding solutions is by putting the issue in its broader context. The UN rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Francois Crepeau, has been among the most articulate in highlighting this.
These include a well-resourced search-and-rescue operation; channels for safe and regular migration; making a firm commitment to receive significantly higher numbers of refugees through EU-wide resettlement; bolstering arrangements for more equitable burden-sharing within Europe and combating racism and xenophobia.
These are sensible solutions and advance the debate.Major causes behind refugee crisis: Causes that generate refugee crisis are complex and sometimes incomprehensible.
Because of their complex nature, they are still visible and unresolved. Of the many direct causes behind refugee crisis, some major are shown below: Challenges of the World Community.
Causes of Refugee Problems and the International Response Luise Druke-Bolewski Fellow and Visiting Researcher Harvard University (published in: Human Rights and the Protection of Refugees under International Law, Proceedings of a conference held in Montreal, November .
What Causes People to Become Refugees? A: Currently, there are upwards of 10 million people with refugee status in the world, and more than , asylum-seekers. Most of these people come from developing nations, including large numbers of individuals from Afghanistan, Colombia, and Iraq.
What Were the Causes and Effects of World War. Causes and Consequences of the Reformation There were several causes of the Reformation. Some of them were short-term causes and others were long-term causes. One of the long-term causes of the Reformation was that many people thought that the Church was not following the Bible.
Apr 26, · What are the real causes of the global refugee crisis? 27 Apr If solutions are based on that misrepresentation, they will fail and have harmful consequences. From early in the week, Publication does not imply endorsement of views by the World Economic Forum.
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for refugees, the outstanding world refugee total exceeded twenty-six million in Deprived of the protection of their state, often detached from their families and communities of origin, refugees are, by any definition, particularly vulnerable to violence.
Causes and Consequences of the.