The contrast between these two films, made 65 years apart and with very different purposes in mind, was fascinating to me. I have no idea how many dramatic liberties either film took. Violence and Corruption If Lonely Planet is to be believed, Rio de Janeiro does in fact have beautiful beaches, open-air cafes, and exhilarating night clubs. It shows us that, in spite of a diverse population, racism is a problem.
There are now 36 UPPs, across some favelas, with an estimated half a million inhabitants. The government is finally recognizing the right of favela residents to basic standards of security.
But these new police units have been marred in controversy throughout their short existence. Frequent reports and high profile cases of abuse imply that this security policy is not so much a community-based reconciliation of the state with these communities as an undemocratic, authoritarian and militarized occupation, aimed at controlling the population and selling the city during the upcoming mega-events.
And so began the occupation and pacification, of Santa Marta — without any particular direction or long-term strategy beyond the reduction of violence, control of the territory and socio-economic integration of the favela into the city.
The apparent success of this experiment led the model to be refined into a four-stage process and exported to other favelas: The first two stages are carried out by BOPE, one of the most bellicose police squads in the world, who take over the favela before a UPP is set up, completing the third stage.
The state government is finally recognizing the right of favela residents, as citizens, to basic standards of security and social services.
And improvements are, by any standards, significant. This has been complemented by an extraordinary reduction in lethal violence across pacified favelas, with 8.
Santa Marta, for one, has not had a reported murder for 5 years, and, in six others, for at least one year. The builder, a married father of six, was detained by UPP officers on the July 14,near his home in pacified Rocinha.
He was taken to the local UPP base and was never seen again. Now believed to have been tortured to death, his remains have still never been found.
The incident is notable more for the attention it received than event itself, by many accounts a common occurrence in Brazil. And other worrying reports of police brutality from across pacified favelas are not uncommon.
Indeed, another look at statistics provides a sobering counterpoint to the promise of the dropping murder rate: These shocking statistics create a huge cause for concern, and raise serious questions about what is going on in pacified favelas.
The rise could be reflected by an increase in reportings — which, in turn, could be a sign of more faith placed in the police system. Whatever the cause, it is essential that these figures be analyzed in order to clearly discern what is causing them, and the Security Secretary Beltrame has announced an investigation.
The credibility of the UPPs is currently in the balance.
Unfortunately, the model of the UPPs allows for this. The issue is historical in dimension. For one, favelas typically began illegally, as temporary accommodation for displaced families and migrant workers, outside of the control — and interest — of the state.
The relationship of the police with favelas has always been one of extreme animosity and conflict. It will require a thorough overhaul and democratization of the UPP policy in order to move away from this paradigm.
Yet critics are often accused by supporters in government and in the mainstream press of wanting to reinstate the power of the gangs — either we accept the UPPs in their current form, or we have to bring back the gangs. As the prices rise, with more and more landlords letting out to a wealthier demographic, the original residents are forced to move.
Just part of the neighbourhood? Or will they maintain their character as favelas? The current gentrification, facilitated largely by the entrance of the UPPs, is threatening to entirely change this. It is currently considered one of the most dangerous places in Rio, with a climate of fear created by regular shootouts between rival gangs, after some escaped pacified favelas and made their home there.
Unsurprisingly, residents are agreed that this violence needs to stop. Yet many are fearful of what a police intervention would bring. After a BOPE officer was killed there in Junethe squad responded with a vengeance, killing 10 residents in a subsequent mission.
Edson sums this up eloquently: And in this, the UPPs need to advance a lot. Nevertheless, other studies generally affirm similar sentiments.It was when armed factions and drug trafficking took root in the favelas that these areas became the target of an armed conflict between traffickers and residents, on one side, and the .
Claudio Mendes De Lima, better known by his nickname "Baiano" is the main villain from Tropa de Elite (Elite Squad in the USA). He was portrayed by Fábio Lago.
A boss drugs dealer, Baiano imposes his own laws inside the “Morro dos Prazeres”, one of the biggest slums from Rio de Janeiro, where all drug addicts go to buy drugs. Conflict Between Bope Officers and Drug Gang Members in Elite Squad.
Essay Binta Kinteh Psyc Instructor: Katleen February 28th, Conflict between BOPE Officers and Drug Gang Members in .
If the gangs are making 90% of their money on drug sales, take away the drug sales and their income and influence will nosedive. Drug addicts will still use but there won't be the whole drug . Introduction The article "Conflict between staff and line managerial officers" from Melville Dalton describes the situation of staff organizations in the s.
In this time staff organizations are relatively new and were "a response to many complex interrelated forces". † To resolve conflict, whether it be between individuals, groups or individuals, or individuals and their government; dangerous drug gangs in the country, a battle fought with 11 the Bope’s officers seldom wear masks when in action.
12 the Bope is a legal, military police unit.