Commitment to the Growth of the People Building Community Developing and perfecting these competencies involves a deliberate, long-term developmental process.
Mental Health of Children in Immigration Detention This chapter addresses the impact of the detention environment on the mental health of children and the measures taken to address their mental health needs.
Consistent with the breadth of protection given to the welfare of children under the Convention on the Rights of the Child CRCthe Inquiry uses the term mental health to describe the psychological well-being of children as well as diagnosed psychiatric illness.
During Inquiry visits to immigration detention facilities, large numbers of children and parents reported on the impact of detention on their psychological well-being. The Inquiry also interviewed former detainee children in focus groups in order to gain an understanding of the impact of detention on their psychological well-being.
Many of those children and parents are quoted in this chapter. As a result of these conversations the Inquiry requested primary records concerning certain children and families who have been held in immigration detention centres.
The primary records obtained through this process included Australasian Correctional Management Pty Limited ACM medical records, reports by external health consultants, incident reports, High Risk Assessment Team HRAT records, and reports from the State child welfare authorities and mental health agencies.
The case studies used in this chapter are based almost exclusively on those documents. The Inquiry also received written submissions, oral testimony and research reports from mental health experts, including several senior psychiatrists and psychologists who gave evidence that the long-term detention of children could be expected to have a negative impact on the general psychological well-being of children.
The primary records obtained by the Inquiry confirmed that detention did in fact have that effect on certain children. Some of the problems suffered by children in detention include anxiety, distress, bed-wetting, suicidal ideation and self-destructive behaviour including attempted and actual self-harm.
Furthermore, the primary records revealed that in a smaller number of cases children had been diagnosed with specific psychiatric illnesses such as depression and post traumatic stress disorder PTSD.
The records showed that either the cause or the severity of these disorders could be linked to the children's ongoing detention.
They also indicate that the quality of treatment they receive is affected by their detention. The Inquiry does not argue that the children discussed throughout this chapter represent the experience of every child in detention. Indeed the Inquiry readily acknowledges that children who are detained for very short periods of time are less likely to have had the experiences described in this chapter.
However the cases and situations described in this chapter demonstrate the connection between long-term detention and the declining psychological health of certain children and this alone is sufficient to find a breach of international law.
Furthermore, it is important to keep in mind that, despite the length of this chapter, the text does not fully represent large quantities of evidence received by the Inquiry regarding the mental health of children. This chapter addresses the following questions: At the end of the chapter there is a summary of the Inquiry's findings and three in depth case studies demonstrating the impact of detention on the mental health of these children.
There are many rights in the CRC which together highlight Australia's obligation to protect the mental health of children.
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Article 24 1 requires the Commonwealth to ensure that all children within Australia can enjoy 'the highest attainable standard' of physical and mental health that Australia can offer.
The Commonwealth must also ensure that no child in Australia is deprived of access to the health care services necessary to achieve that standard.
States Parties recognise the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health. States Parties shall strive to ensure that no child is deprived of his or her right of access to such health care services.
Convention on the Rights of the Child, article 24 1 Article 22 1 highlights the obligation to provide appropriate assistance to refugee and asylum-seeking children to ensure that their special needs are addressed. In the context of mental health it is therefore important to address the likelihood that asylum-seeking children may have suffered from trauma in their past.
Because of the possible damaging effects of trauma that refugee children may have experienced, some children will require specialized services or treatment.
States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of: Such recovery and reintegration shall take place in an environment which fosters the health, self-respect and dignity of the child.
There are two important aspects to this article. First, Australia must take 'all appropriate measures' to promote psychological recovery - this applies both to the legislature and the executive. Second the recovery must take place in 'an environment which fosters the health, self-respect and dignity of the child'.
In other words, the CRC recognises the extra vulnerability of children who have suffered some past trauma to harsh environments and therefore imposes a special obligation to ensure that children can live in a healthy, happy atmosphere.
Article 6 2 also requires Australia to 'ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child'. The right to development includes not just physical growth but a child's mental and emotional development.
Furthermore, they must be treated with humanity and respect and not subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment article 37 ac. In the UN Human Rights Committee found that the failure to release a man from detention when 'there was a conflict between [his] continued detention and his sanity' amounted to a breach of article 7 of the ICCPR: The UNHCR Guidelines on Refugee Children note the negative impact that refugee centres or camps can have on the mental health of children and their families:The author conducts in-depth interviews with individuals who describe themselves as having undergone a change in attitude with regards to climate change.
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This interesting RfC concerns racially nuanced language in Wikipedia. Dcs and others show quite clearly that our encyclopaedia is much more likely to use the word "stampede" in relation to crowd behaviour when the people exhibiting that behaviour aren't white.
Transcript of BTEC Unit 5. Understand the purpose of displaying professional and helpful behaviour whilst supporting a business event and how to do so (Learning outcome 2) Understand the purpose of displaying professional and helpful behaviour whilst supporting a business event and how to do so (Learning outcome 2).
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