Share The twenty one General Councils are presented here in their chronological order. Several General Councils were held in the same places at different times and so are named first, second, etc.
Council of Jerusalem[ edit ] Main article: It is unique among the ancient pre-ecumenical councils in that it is considered by Catholics to be the first Ecumenical Council and by Orthodox to be a prototype and forerunner of the later ecumenical councils.
Both Catholics and Orthodox regard it as expressing a key part of Christian doctrine and moral teaching. The council decided that Gentile converts to Christianity were not obligated to keep most of the Law of Mosesincluding the rules concerning circumcision of males.
The Council did, however, arguably retain prohibitions on eating meat sacrificed in pagan rites, on fornication and on idolatry.
These decisions are sometimes referred to as the Apostolic Decree. The prime account of the Council is found in Acts of the Apostles chapter Ecumenical Councils of Antiquity[ edit ] These comprised the hierarchs of the undivided Church i.
First Council of Nicaea[ edit ] Main article: Most importantly, the council defined the equality of God the Father and Christ, his son. It taught that Jesus was of the same substance as God the Father and not just merely similar.
The Council issued 20 canons  and repudiated Arianism. Most importantly, it defined the divinity of the Holy Spiritwhich is derived but not defined in the Bible. Thus the Council built on the Apostolic Tradition.
The council met from May until July during the pontificate of Pope Damasus I and issued four canons. Council of Chalcedon[ edit ] Main article: It issued 28 canons, the last one defining equality of the bishops of Rome and Constantinople, which was rejected by the papal delegates and Pope Leo the Greatand therefore not binding for the Catholic Church.
Second Council of Constantinople The Council again dealt with the issue of the two natures of Christ, as monophysitism had spread through Christianity despite the decisions of Chalcedon. The Council met from May 5 until June 2, in eight sessions during the pontificate of Pope Vigiliuswho was imprisoned during the Council by the emperor.
Several Catholic provinces refused to accept the Second Council of Constantinople because of the political pressures. Third Council of Constantinople The Council repudiated Monothelitismand reaffirmed that Christ, being both human and divine, had both human and divine wills. It met in sixteen sessions from November 7, until September 16, It also discussed the views of Honorius.
Second Council of Nicaea[ edit ] Main article: Second Council of Nicaea Inthe emperor outlawed pictorial presentations of Christ and the saints and created thus the first iconoclasm.
The Pope argued against it and convened in a local council in Rome to no avail. Pictures of Christ, the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Saints were used to stimulate piety and imitation.
The Council met in eight sessions from September 24, until October 23, during the pontificate of Pope Hadrian I.The Council of Ephesus (A.D. ) The third General Council of the Church defined the Catholic dogma that the Blessed Virgin is the Mother of God and presented the teaching of the truth of one divine person in Christ.
The Council was convened against the heresy of . Oct 25, · Roman Catholicism is the major religion of nearly every country in Latin urbanagricultureinitiative.com can be attributed in large part to the lingering effects of Spanish and Portuguese colonization of the region and the Roman Catholic missions that accompanied those endeavours.
The Role of A Church C o uncil 2 Daniel A. Brown, PhD urbanagricultureinitiative.com The Council sets the monthly budget spending limits each quarter, and the staff complies with their decision. Every month the Council receives a comprehensive report detailing all expenditures and income.
The Roman Catholic Church teaches that an ecumenical council is a gathering of the College of Bishops (of which the Bishop of Rome is an essential part) to exercise in a solemn manner its supreme and full power over the whole Church.
The church council and SPRC should focus 75% of its time on developing leaders and vitality, 20% on administration and 5% on ministries. Why? Because leadership development and congregational vitality are directly related to the mission of the church: to make disciples of Jesus Christ to transform lives, the congregation, the community and the world.
Sep 19, · The role of the modern church in the life of the 21st-century believer is critical because it fills a void only the church can.
If a car needs fixing, it is brought to the mechanic shop.