Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Settlement patterns and housing The basic settlement unit throughout the Southeast was the local village or town. These varied in size and configuration depending on local ecological resources and cultural preferences.
Home Dualism in Indian Management Dualism In Indian Management The management concept in the west developed as a result of evolutionary process, based on the changing values systems of the people — the social, political, and economic environment as well as educational and cultural milieu.
However, in India, historically we never evolved our own concepts, keeping the Indian scenario in view.
We found it convenient to transfer management technology, just as scientific technology. Dualism in indian management of the management concepts in India have been borrowed from west. The culture specificity obtains to the extent to which these are applied. The concepts of planning, recruitment, training, financial systems and control, etc.
In India, too, down the ages there have been the existence of these universal principles and concepts of management and administration. But the difference in Indian administration and management lies in the subtle variation in how planning is carried out, how much is implemented, how recruitment takes place, what are the considerations, how are the financial controls effected and so on.
The differences that manifest in Indian management and administrative practices are the result of the norms and expectations of the people through their history. Most of the management practices in India have been borrowed from the West. Most of them are given training in western countries and learning western management policies.
When he applies these policies in the Indian organizations where the situation is entirely different, he finds does not proceed as planned.
There is a distinct hiatus between the rofessed policies and the practices followed in the Indian environment as a result of these compromises. Assuming that foreign management practices will work equally well in Indian conditions, policies are evolved and plans made.
Since goals set in this way are largely achieved, there is a perception that management practices in India are similar to the foreign ones. This may not be always true.
In India management is characterized by peculiar dualism. There is a distinct hiatus between the professed policies and the actual practices followed in the Indian organizations.
This is due to the effect of western policies on Indian management practices. The essential requisite for paternalism appears to be unity in the leadership, and single, identifiable source of power.
Dualism exists in almost all aspects of management starting from corporate planning, recruitment promotion, transfers to financial system and marketing aspects. The western management concepts got evolved when there was proprietary ownership and was based on the decision making process of organizing, planning, directing, coordinating, controlling etc and the manager having the right and prerogative to plan, organize, direct and control.
However, over the years the ownership patterns of the organization changed from proprietary ownership to public ownership.
The western management is passing through a confused state of evolutionary process where the past management concepts based on managerial rights and prerogatives are dead due to various countervailing forces, and the new concepts are yet to be born.
There is a strong perception in western management that entire change process in the organization has to be brought in by the man at the top.
The model organizations is not the one which, as widely believed in west and in India, where one man runs a spectacular show while he is there, to see it crumble after his exit. Modifications suggested in the management policies to make it suitable for Indian Conditions.
This is primarily because of the lack of thorough and intrinsic research on Indian management i. Researches indicate these concepts in the long run get abandoned or just remain on paper though what actually happens is quite different resulting in frustration due to dualism in management.
In Indian Context, to bring about a change, it is important that the dynamics of Indian environment included familial culture, is not completely separated from the organization holding purely by the dictates of alien management principles.
Certain legal modifications should be made to have longer tenure for the top management with internal promotions and appropriate career and succession plan. Succession planning would insulate the organization from periodic upheavals that normally occur with changes in the leadership.
It will also lend a sense of stability to the organizations over a period of time.
Indian management needs to move away from short-term profitability to long-term institution building. If as it is at present, the personality of the leader overwhelms the institution, it should be his responsibility to build tradition and practices that are conducive to long-term institution building.
Little attention is paid to career planning. This will only lead to discontent.The terms “monism” and “dualism” are philosophical concepts. The discourse of Sanatana Dharma, the dominant Indian philosophy, pivots around these concepts when it comes to describing God, universe, living beings, and their inter-connections.
In Western philosophy, monism is discussed in the. Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE).. Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation.
Our Research finding in Indian Management indicate that many of the Management practices suggested by Foreign specially the Western consultants when implemented in Indian Organizations, get rejected by the environment resulting in contradiction within the Indian context between stated policies and actual practices termed as "Dualism" in .
Sankhya Yoga, Prakriti and its Evolutes: Returning to Self-realization by Swami Jnaneshvara Bharati urbanagricultureinitiative.com Rediscovery of pure consciousness: The process of Self-realization is one of attention reversing the process of manifestation, of retracing consciousness back through the levels of manifestation to its source.
Southeast Indian - Settlement patterns and housing: The basic settlement unit throughout the Southeast was the local village or town.
These varied in size and configuration depending on local ecological resources and cultural preferences. Some towns attained populations of more than 1, individuals, but the more typical village was home to fewer than residents. In India management is characterized by peculiar dualism.
There is a distinct hiatus between the professed policies and the actual practices followed in the Indian organizations. This is due to the effect of western policies .