Google is designed to crawl and index the Web efficiently and produce much more satisfying search results than existing systems. The prototype with a full text and hyperlink database of at least 24 million pages is available at http: Search engines index tens to hundreds of millions of web pages involving a comparable number of distinct terms.
Introduction This document begins with a brief overview of action research and a discussion of its advantages and disadvantages. The intention is to help you make an informed choice about your approach to your research.
There is a particular focus on doing research for a thesis or dissertation, or for a similar independent research report.
If a thesis is not your interest I think you will still find material of use. The document also includes brief accounts of some of the methodologies that exist within action research. An even briefer mention of the data collection methods which can be used is also included.
This background material is followed by two practical sections. The first of them describes how action research can be carried out. A format for writing up the research is then presented. The form of action research described is one which uses a cyclic or spiral process.
It converges to something more useful over time for both action and understanding. It is chosen because of the rigour and economy which it allows. I think it is also more easily defended than some other forms. I write as a practitioner in a psychology department where action research is viewed with some scepticism.
You may be doing your research within a setting where action research and qualitative approaches are more common. If so, you may not need to approach it with quite as much caution as I suggest. In all of this, it is not my intention to argue against other research paradigms. For some purposes quantitative, or reductionist, or hypothesis-testing approaches, alone or together, are much more appropriate.
In many research situations action research is quite unsuitable. My only intention is to offer action research as a viable and sometimes more appropriate alternative in some research settings. Should you choose to do an action research study this paper will then help you to do so more effectively and with less risk.
Nor do I have any objection to quantitative research. If your measures adequately capture what you are researching, quantitative measures offer very real advantages.
However, qualitative measures may allow you to address more of what you want to examine. In such situations it is appropriate to use them.
The paper is copiously referenced so that you can identify the relevant literature. Embedded in the reference list are also some other works. About half of the references are annotated to assist you in an intelligent choice of reading.
As the name suggests, action research is a methodology which has the dual aims of action and research At the extreme, the "research" may take the form of increased understanding on the part of those most directly involved.
For this form of action research the outcomes are change, and learning for those who take part. This is the form which I most often use. In other forms, research is the primary focus. The action is then often a by-product.
Such approaches typically seek publication to reach a wider audience of researchers. In these, more attention is often given to the design of the research than to other aspects.An exhibit is a visual representation of your research and interpretation of your topic’s significance in history.
The analysis and interpretation of your topic must be clear and evident to the viewer. Write a thesis statement, supporting statements and a conclusion. Remember that your script should center on the thesis statement.
A thesis statement is a central thought that holds your entire National History Day (NHD) project together. Early in the research process we like to call this a working thesis; as you gather your information, this thought can, and probably should, evolve.
VoiceThread Universal lets you browse threads and hear comments in pages specially designed for screen readers.
Click here to go to VoiceThread Universal. The thesis statement usually appears at the end of the first paragraph of a paper. 4. Your topic may change as you write, so you may need to revise your thesis statement to reflect exactly what you have discussed in the paper.
Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA. Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.