Communal Harmony Seers assure Muslims, offer shelter in temples Nov 18,Times of India Reacting to reports of Muslims of Ayodhya feeling unsafe due to gathering of VHP activists for Dharm Sabha on November 25, the seers and temple mahants have assured support and security to Muslims and said that Muslims can take shelter in temples if they feel any insecurity. Assuring Muslims of their security, Hindu seers said that the doors of temples are open for Muslims to take shelter in case they feel any threat or insecurity.
Scales of corruption[ edit ] A billboard in Zambia exhorting the public to "Just say no to corruption". An anti-corruption billboard at the entry into Niameycapital of Niger. The text, translated from French, reads: Morris,  a professor of politics, writes that political corruption is the illegitimate use of public power to benefit a private interest.
Economist Ian Senior  defines corruption as an action to a secretly provide b a good or a service to a third party c so that he or she can influence certain actions which d benefit the corrupt, a third party, or both e in which the corrupt agent has authority.
Daniel Kaufmann from the World Bank, extends the concept to include 'legal corruption' in which power is abused within the confines of the law—as those with power often have the ability to make laws for their protection. The effect of corruption in infrastructure is to increase costs and construction time, lower the quality and decrease the benefit.
Corruption ranges from small favors between a small number of people petty corruption to corruption that affects the government on a large scale grand corruptionand corruption that is so prevalent that it is part of the everyday structure of society, including corruption as one of the symptoms of organized crime.
Increasingly, a number of indicators and tools have been developed which can measure different forms of corruption with increasing accuracy.
For example, in many Police abusing their authority essay places such as registration offices, police stations, state licensing boards,   and many other private and government sectors. Grand corruption[ edit ] Grand corruption is defined as corruption occurring at the highest levels of government in a way that requires significant subversion of the political, legal and economic systems.
Such corruption is commonly found in countries with authoritarian or dictatorial governments but also in those without adequate policing of corruption.
It can be contrasted with individual officials or agents who act corruptly within the system. Factors which encourage systemic corruption include conflicting incentivesdiscretionary powers ; monopolistic powers ; lack of transparency ; low pay; and a culture of impunity.
However, only in democratically controlled institutions is there an interest of the public owner to develop internal mechanisms to fight active or passive corruption, whereas in private industry as well as in NGOs there is no public control.
Therefore, the owners' investors' or sponsors' profits are largely decisive. Recent research by the World Bank suggests that who makes policy decisions elected officials or bureaucrats can be critical in determining the level of corruption because of the incentives different policy-makers face.
Department of the Interior. The original caption for the cartoon is: It can also take the form of office holders maintaining themselves in office by purchasing votes by enacting laws which use taxpayers' money. The Kaunas "golden toilet". The Kaunas golden toilet case was a major Lithuanian scandal.
Despite the investment, the "golden toilet" remained closed for years due to the dysfunctionality and was a subject of a lengthy anti-corruption investigation into those who had created it and  the local municipality even considered demolishing the building at one point.
Various sources acclaim the Spanish People's Party — Partido Popular - to be Europe's most corrupt party, with about yearly 45 billion euro worth of corruption.
Police corruption Police corruption is a specific form of police misconduct designed to obtain financial benefits, personal gain, career advancement for a police officer or officers in exchange for not pursuing or selectively pursuing an investigation or arrest or aspects of the thin blue line itself where force members collude in lies to protect other members from accountability.
One common form of police corruption is soliciting or accepting bribes in exchange for not reporting organized drug or prostitution rings or other illegal activities. Another example is police officers flouting the police code of conduct in order to secure convictions of suspects—for example, through the use of falsified evidence.
More rarely, police officers may deliberately and systematically participate in organized crime themselves. In most major cities, there are internal affairs sections to investigate suspected police corruption or misconduct. Judicial corruption[ edit ] Judicial corruption refers to corruption-related misconduct of judgesthrough receiving or giving bribes, improper sentencing of convicted criminals, bias in the hearing and judgement of arguments and other such misconduct.
Governmental corruption of judiciary is broadly known in many transitional and developing countries because the budget is almost completely controlled by the executive. The latter undermines the separation of powers, as it creates a critical financial dependence of the judiciary. The proper national wealth distribution including the government spending on the judiciary is subject to the constitutional economics.Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and urbanagricultureinitiative.com Police officers are recruited from the human race, and are therefore fallible.
No process is perfect, most people who are or appear to be aggressive or abusive do not get through the screening process. 1. Foreword by David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Corruption is the cancer at the heart of so many of our problems in the world today.
My Open Wireless Network. Whenever I talk or write about my own security setup, the one thing that surprises people -- and attracts the most criticism -- is the fact that I run an open wireless network . Police policies, procedures, memoranda, records, reports, tape recordings, etc.
should not be withheld from public view unless their release would threaten ongoing investigations, endanger officers or others, or invade someone's personal urbanagricultureinitiative.coming information about police practices is an important part of the struggle to establish.
Hundreds of police officers have been accused of abusing their power to sexually exploit people, including vulnerable victims of crime, a damning report has revealed.