Low survival rate of business If all these problems were solved, there will be efficient use of our resources and this country will be worthy of emulation.
The contribution of the construction industry to national economic growth necessitates improved efficiency in the industry by means of cost effectiveness and timeliness, and would certainly contribute to cost savings for the country as a whole.
It is also common knowledge that the implementation of the construction project in the industry is usually accompanied with time delay and cost increase as well as owner dissatisfaction Hafez, In general most if not allconstruction projects experience time delays and cost overruns during their implementation phase Koushki and Kartam, Numerous researchers, both in the developed and developing nations have also examined and identified the causes of time and cost overrun in the construction industry.
Mansfield, Ugwu and Doranfor example performed a comprehensive analysis of most important factors responsible for project delays and cost overrun in Nigerian construction projects. This analysis indicated poor contract management, financing and payment of completed works, change in site conditions, shortages of materials, design changes, subcontractors and nominated suppliers, other factors were price fluctuation inaccurate estimates, delays and additional works as factors responsible for project delays and cost overrun.
A comprehensive classification of causes of construction delays has also been determined by Henesy The classification system included materials, labour, equipment and financial constraints, as the main contributory variable to causes of construction time overrun.
The list of major factors causing construction delay in Thailand by Ogunlana and Proumkunting included the inadequacy of resources supplies, client and consultant shortcomings and incompetence.
Koushki and Kartan studied the impact of construction materials on project time and cost in Kuwait and identified the project related variable affecting the on time delivery of materials as material selection, time, type of materials and their availability in the local market.
Time impacts are inevitable on construction projects, primarily because of the uniqueness of each project and the limited resources of time and money that can be spent on planning, executing and delivering the project.
Construction projects have long been recognized as particularly cost, time and risk-laden. The constructed project may not perform as anticipated because the owner may have unrealistic expectations regarding the delivery time of construction forcing contractors into unrealistic gambles, corner-cutting or commitments that may not be realistic Frimpong Project success can be defined as meeting goals and objectives as prescribed in the project plan.
A successful project means that the project has accomplished its technical performance, maintained its schedule, and remained within budgetary costs.
Project management tools and techniques play an important role in the effective management of a project. Therefore, a good project management lies in the management tools and techniques used to manage the project. Project management involves managing the resources—workers, machines, money, materials and methods used.
Some projects are effectively and efficiently managed while others are mismanaged, incurring much delay and cost overruns and negatively affecting the economy Frimpong These uncertainties and the many stakeholders in these kinds of projects, make the management of costs difficult which consequently causes cost overruns.
Therefore, cost overruns are considered one of the most critical issues during the execution of construction projects Chan, et al.
As mentioned by Van Der Westhuizen and Fitzgeraldthe presence of cost overruns can be a reason for project delays or possible project failures.
However this idea has been refuted by many authors who considered that project success depends on many other factors that should be assessed to conclude the success or failure of a project Chan, et al.
Moreover, there have been many studies that suggest that the success of a project depends on the presence of certain critical factors which can also change depending on the objective to be met Iyer and Jha, In other words, some authors ascertained that there are some critical success factors that help to improve cost performance and prevent cost overruns.
Specific objectives of the study are: Cost control problems lead to project delivery failures. Cost control problems do not lead to project delivery failures.
Cost Control techniques lead to construction delivery failures Hi: Cost Control techniques do not lead to construction delivery failures 1.
The study will also help contractors, clients, consultants and all parties involved in construction projects about ways of improving their current method of cost management and control.
Having gotten results-both empirically and theoretically, the study will serve as a foundation for future research studies. All findings and recommendations from the study may not reflect the true view of the traditional roles and changing roles of quantity surveyors as the researcher could not cover a wider area due to financial and time constraints.
Far from being a single activity, large scale construction is a feat of human multitasking. A deliverable could be a report, a document, a server upgrade or any other building block of an overall project.
Project in which the cost overrun of the project does not exceed 10 percent of the initial budget. Project in which the cost overrun of the project exceeds 10 percent of the initial budget.Budgetary control is part of overall organisation control and is concerned primarily with the control of performance.
The use of budgetary control in performance management has of late taken on greater importance especially as a more integrative control mechanism for the organisation. Budgetary control is the technique used for this purpose and when it is combined with budget, it becomes part of responsibility accounting the aim of budgetary control is to provide a format basis for monitoring the progress of the organization as whole and of its components parts, towards the achievement of the objectives specified in the Reviews: 7.
Budgetary Control in Organization: Meaning, Definition, Objectives, Essentials and Other Details! Meaning: Budgetary control is the process of determining various actual results with budgeted figures for the enterprise for the future period and standards set then comparing the budgeted figures with the actual performance for calculating variances, if any.
Home BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PROJECT TOPICS/WORKS Budget And Budgetary Control As A Tool For Accountability In Government Parastatals.
Download full Chapter Project material For Final Year student in Accounting department titled ” Budget And Budgetary Control As A Tool For Accountability In Government Parastatals. Budgeting and cost control comprise the estimation of costs, the setting of an agreed budget, and management of actual and forecast costs against that budget.
A budget identifies the planned expenditure for a project, programme or portfolio. It is used as a baseline against which the actual. Project Report # 1. Meaning of Budgetary Control: Budgetary control has been defined as “establishment of budgets relating the responsibilities of executives to the requirements of a policy, and the continuous comparison of actual with budgeted results either to secure by individual action the objective of that policy or provide a basis for its revision.”.