Galloway told The Globe and Mail in the first interview he has granted since his ordeal began in the fall of The arbitrator found that certain communication by the university disseminated at the time of Mr. Galloway is satisfied with the award, it is a bittersweet victory.
Throughout history it has been highly invasive and paternalistic, as it authorizes the Canadian federal government to regulate and administer in the affairs and day-to-day lives of registered Indians and reserve communities.
This authority has ranged from overarching political control, such as imposing governing structures on Aboriginal communities in the form of band councils, to control over the rights of Indians to practice their culture and traditions. The Indian Act has also enabled the government to determine the land base of these groups in the form of reserves, and even to define who qualifies as Indian in the form of Indian status While the Indian Act write away ubc ssc undergone numerous amendments since it was first passed intoday it largely retains its original form.
The Indian Act is a part of a long history of assimilation policies that intended to terminate the cultural, social, economic, and political distinctiveness of Aboriginal peoples by absorbing them into mainstream Canadian life and values. The origins of the Indian Act: A history of oppression and resistance The Indian Act came to be developed over time through separate pieces of colonial legislation regarding Aboriginal peoples across Canada such as the Gradual Civilization Act of and the.
Inthese acts were consolidated as the Indian Act. In this sense the act was a failure, as only one person voluntarily enfranchised.
The Act also severely restricted the governing powers of band write away ubc ssc, regulated alcohol consumption and determined who would be eligible for band and treaty benefits.
It also marks the beginning of gender-based restrictions to status. For a closer look as to why this is, see our section on the marginalization of Aboriginal women. The confederation of Canada presented the federal government with the challenge of uniting distinct and separate Aboriginal groups under one law.
Therefore, despite the diversity of experiences and relationships between Aboriginal peoples and settlers across the country, including strong military and economic alliances in certain regions, Confederation established a very different relationship between these two groups by disregarding the interests and treaty rights of Aboriginal peoples and uniformly making them legally wards of the state.
Systems of control that had been established in prior legislation were now newly defined under one act, the Indian Act of This act effectively treated Aboriginal people as children—a homogenizing and paternalistic relationship. Since the first pieces of legislation were passed, Aboriginal peoples have resisted oppression and sought active participation in defining and establishing their rights.
Early on, Aboriginal leaders petitioned colonial leadership, including the Prime Minister and the British monarchy, against oppressive legislation and systemic denial of their rights.
The legislation against Aboriginal peoples did not stop Aboriginal practices but in most cases drove them underground, or caused Aboriginal peoples to create new ways of continuing them without facing persecution.
The potlatch was one of the most important ceremonies for coastal First Nations in the west, and marked important occasions as well as served a crucial role in distribution of wealth.
Non-native colonists and missionaries saw the sharing of wealth and food at potlatches as excessive and wasteful, but ultimately they knew how integral it was to sustaining First Nations cultures.
Indian Agents and missionaries felt it interrupted assimilation tactics. They wanted Aboriginal people to shift from an economic system of redistribution to one of private property ownership—seemingly impossible as long as the potlatch existed.
The outlawing of the potlatch severely disrupted these cultural traditions, although many groups continued to potlatch.
To celebrate a wedding, Cranmer hosted a six-day potlatch over Christmas, Indian Agents interrupted the potlatch and arrested approximately 50 people.
The jail term was to be several months, but Indian Agents offered reduced sentences for anyone who would surrender their potlatch items, such as valuable masks, costumes, and coppers. Judge Alfred Scow describes some of the impacts of the Potlatch Law: This provision of the Indian Act was in place for close to 75 years and what that did was it prevented the passing down of our oral history.
It prevented the passing down of our values. It meant an interruption of the respected forms of government that we used to have, and we did have forms of government be they oral and not in writing before any of the Europeans came to this country.
We had a system that worked for us. We respected each other. We had ways of dealing with disputes. When Aboriginal political organizing became more extensive in the s and groups began to pursue land claims, the federal government added Section to the Indian Act.Fake News Papers Fake News Videos.
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